It is associated the negative consequences for the health of the child and the adolescent, having included dislipidemias, chronic inflammations, increase of the trend the sanguineous coagulation, endotelial disfuno, resistance the insulina, diabetes type 2, ortopdicas hipertenso, complications, some types of cancers, apnea of sleep, not alcoholic estatohepatite, among others psychological problems, as depression, reduction of auto-esteem and riot of the auto-image. Annually the cardiac illnesses and spills cause 17 million deaths in all the planet, in individuals with trend in acquiring these diseases, even though lesser degrees of overweight can lead to the increase of the risk factors (VIUNISKI, 1999 apud FRANK s/d). The fat located in the region of the trunk is associated with the cardiovascular illnesses, spills, diabetes, hipertenso e; the loss (minimum) of weight already represents significant improvements in the arterial pressure, how much in diabetes type 2. Beyond the ortopdicos problems as the degenerative artrite and the osteoartrite, caused for the extreme and continuous overload on the joints, that had not been projected for such weight, affecting mainly knees, column, hip and ankles. 4. AS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY RECREATIVA CAN ASSIST IN the TREATMENT OF the INFANTILE OBESIDADE As already we observe previously, the physical inactivity and I the feeding are the main causes of infantile obesidade and the factors most difficult to be treat, therefore are of mannering and cultural origin. the more early to exist a change of this behavior and an alteration in the style of life of the children, more easy will be to change not healthful habits. According to ALVES (2003, apud BORBA, 2006) to be physically active since infancy it presents many benefits, not only in the physical area, but also in the spheres social and emotional, and can lead to one better control of the chronic illnesses of the adult life; beyond improving the motor development of the child, helping in its growth and to stimulate the future participation in programs of physical activity.