The Baroque one is of Spanish and Italian origin. It was spread for the Europe and America. It was a style of the plastic arts and was adopted in literature. The Baroque one also is known by Seiscentista and Gongorismo. The religious reform and the against-reform had contributed very for the development of this literary chain, a time that it unchained a series of conflicts philosophical spirituals, moral and in the attempt to approach the man of God, the holy ghost of the land, the profane one of the religious one. It appears then the dualism in the Baroque one, characteristic central office of the chain. The Baroque one presents four important trends: 1.Conceitismo – the object Analyzes appraising it. It commands the ideas, it unfolds it of an intelligent form and rational, it makes a game of concepts; 2.Cultismo – the form values, presents many structures with figures, varied vocabulary, well worked text: 3.Contraste – the dualism Presents, trying to bind a thing that is contrary to another one, a species of antonyms, examples: bem-mal, Christianity-paganismo, religious-profane; 4.Nativismo – it is the love to the things of the land, the national feeling, valuation of everything how much the man encircles.
This trend alone exists in Brazil. 7.2.CARACTERSTICAS: Beyond the trends above, the Baroque one presents a series of characteristics: 1.Dualismo – it is the main characteristic. It is formed by oppositions as we saw: sky-land, sadness-joy, profane-religious. 2.Desespero – Hallucinations; 3.Uso of antithesis, metaphor; 4.Valorizao of the sensations; 5.Uso of Latin words; 6.Vocabulrio colored, luxury, pomp, brightness, etc. 7.Frases interrogative; 8.Palavras that they nominate colors, perfumes, fteis and sonorous sensations; 9.Uso of symbols that represent efemeridades of the time, wind, water, smoke, fire, snow, etc. 10.Corpo diem (to enjoy the life because it is brief); 11.Morbidez (taste for expressing pain, the suffering, the death, the tragic one.