The important one is that the researcher knows to use the adjusted instruments to find answers to the problem that it has raised. However the people are as much consult who me through this Home Page on this subject, that I decided to add this chapter. What it occurs here seems to be that motto known for the scholars of the educational dynamics: ' ' if we can complicate so that to simplify? ' ' Research is the same that it searchs or it looks for. To search, therefore, is to search or to look reply for some thing. In if treating to Science (knowledge production) the research it is the brainstorming to a problem that somebody wants to know the reply. Taste not to say that science becomes, but that science through a research is produced.
Research is therefore the way to arrive itself at science, to the knowledge. It is in the research that we will use different instruments to arrive itself at a more necessary reply. The ideal instrument will have to be stipulated by the researcher to reach itself ideal results. In a coarse example I could not look to a treasure in a beach digging a hole with a pickaxe; I would need single-blade. In the same way I could not make a hole in the cement with a shovel; I would need a pickaxe. Therefore the importance of if defining the type of research and the choice of the ideal instrument to be used. Science, through the evolution of its concepts, is divided by areas of the knowledge.
Thus, today we have knowledge of Sciences Human beings, Social, Biological, Accurate, among others. Exactly these divisions have other sub-divisions whose definition varies according to concepts of many authors. Social Sciences, for example, can be divided in Right, History, Sociology etc. Trying to descomplicar prefer to define the types of research in such a way: Experimental research: It is all research that involves some type of experiment.
to leave of the alluded conference, carried through in Sweden, many initiatives aiming at to the ambient questions, they start to gain space in the whole world. Important a proposal appears in 1987, intitled Our Common Future, or, as she was known: ' ' Brundtland' report; '. This document was elaborated by the World-wide Commission on Environment and Desenvolvimento (CMMAD), organism consisting of 21 countries, under the presidency of Prime minister of the Norway, Gro Harlem Brundtland. According to this report, ' ' the sustainable development is that one that takes care of to the necessities of the gift without compromising the possibility of proper the future generations to take care of its necessidades' ' (CMMAD, 1988, P. 46).
This report also presents aspects on the ambient degradation approaching causes and effect, considers international politics how much to the economic, social and ambient aspects, with objective to search the compatible economic growth with the preservation of the nature. According to Martins (1995, P. 46): ' ' The interests of the underdeveloped countries are identified, where the sustainable development directly appears related with the problems of the poverty, satisfaction of the basic necessities, and a specific approach with regard to the feeding, health and moradia' '. The necessary economic growth to support itself in practical that they conserve and they expand the base of environmental resources. Such growth is absolutely essential to mitigate the great poverty that if comes intensifying for the most part of the world in development. CMMAD (1988, P.
30): The consuming of the environment frequently was considered the result of the increasing demand of scarce resources and of the pollution caused for the improvement of the standard of living of the relatively rich ones. But the proper poverty polui the environment, creating another type of ambient consuming. To survive, the poor persons and hungry the many times destroy its proper environment: they knock down forests, they allow the extreme pasturing, they exaurem lands delinquents and they are a refugee in number each bigger time for the cities already congested.